__Zemansky (and Dittman)__. Zemansky's "Heat and Thermodynamics" was the
standard undergraduate text for many years. The first edition was published in 1937,
the fifth edition in 1968. For the sixth edition of 1981, the publishers added a
second author, Dittman. By the time of the seventh edition, in 1997, Zemansky had
died. The authors are still listed as Zemansky and Dittman, but the book is much
more Dittman than Zemansky. I prefer the older editions. Perhaps in an effort to
keep the length down, Dittman cut out several topics that I like to teach. The book
deals with Classical Thermodynamics in a traditional presentation (you could say that
it established the tradition) and then deals more briefly with statistical mechanics.

__Sears (and Salinger)__. Sears wrote a whole series of textbooks in the 1950's, covering Electricity and Magnetism, Optics, and
Mechanics, Heat and Sound, as well as Thermodynamics. His book on thermodynamics is quite similar to Zemansky's. It
gives a presentation of Classical Thermodynamics in the traditional order (e.g. it uses heat engines to introduce the Second
Law) and then gives a slightly shorter version of statistical mechanics. The version of the book that is still available,
although it dates from 1975, is co-authored, "Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory, and Statistical Mechanics" by Sears and
Salinger.

__Crawford.__ I have a soft spot in my memory for "Heat, Thermodynamics, and Statistical Mechanics" by Franzo H. Crawford,
because it was the first text book that I ever taught from. It covers the subject in a very traditional way, first Classical
Thermodynamics, using heat engines and with enormous use of partial derivatives, and then Statistical Mechanics, more
thoroughly than either of the previous books. It is comprehensive, accurate, and boring. It is also long out of print. But I
still go back and look at it occasionally.

__Adkins.__ I also have a soft spot for "Equilibrium Thermodynamics" by C.J. Adkins, because I sat through what I think was
the first time Adkins lectured on thermodynamics. As a result, I have always tended to use his notation and presentation.
This book differs from the previous three in that it deals only with Classical Thermodynamics, with no coverage of Statistical
Mechanics. Adkins was a student of Pippard (mentioned below) and it is reasonable to describe Adkins' book as Pippard's
book, expanded and made more readable. This is not a bad thing to say about a book.

__Pippard__ "Classical Thermodynamics" is one of the seminal books on thermodynamics. It is short (160 pages) and difficult.
There are very few applications to illustrate the ideas, but it attempts to present the bare theory with something approaching
mathematical rigor. As far as I know, there was only one edition, in
1957, although it was reprinted many times.

__Callen__ "Thermodynamics" is the second seminal text. I know the first edition, from 1960, but there was a second edition,
much later. Like Pippard, Callen deals almost exclusively with macroscopic thermodynamics, but he uses a completely novel
approach, that he calls a postulational approach. I think this is not a good first book on thermodynamics, but, as a way of
shaking up your ideas when you think you have understood thermodynamics, it is excellent. I have usually borrowed some
of his ideas on equilibrium conditions in my lectures.

__Morse__ "Thermal Physics" is similar in scope and order of presentation to Crawford, but there is less discussion of the
phenomena and the arguments are presented at a higher intellectual level. I view it as a graduate text.

__Reif__ "Statistical and Thermal Physics" is the first book on this list that is purely a book on Statistical Mechanics. (There is
one short section in which the laws of thermodynamics are discussed.) Published in 1965 (I don't think there was another
edition), it is still widely used, but most often as a graduate text. Reif also wrote a much more elementary book "Statistical
Physics" as the fifth volume of the Berkeley Physics series.

__Wannier__ "Statistical Physics". A fairly conventional development of statistical mechanics. Wannier was an excellent writer.
He also wrote a good but out of print book on solid state physics. Wannier gave his name to the Wannier function, heavily
used nowadays in density functional calculations, and he came close to solving the two-dimensional Ising model before
Onsager did. One merit of this book is that you can buy a Dover reprint for $11.95.

__Kittel and Kroemer__ "Thermal Physics". Kittel wrote the first edition of this, in 1969, and Kroemer co-authored the second
edition, in 1980. (This is the same Herbert Kroemer that won the Nobel
Prize in 2000.) This has been a very widely used book
for the last twenty years, although last year the book store told me it was out of print. It deals almost exclusively with
statistical mechanics, with one chapter that derives the laws of thermodynamics. The methods used to derive the statistical
distribution laws were very novel when the first edition was published, quite different from the counting techniques used in
the earlier books. For me, this is still slightly controversial. The problems at the ends of chapters are excellent.

__Stowe__ "Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics". I am less familiar with this than any of the other books listed. It
appeared in 1984. In some ways it follows the conventional format, treating Classical Thermodynamics and then Statistical
Mechanics, but, before any of this there is a discussion of small systems and ideas from statistics, and the treatment of
thermodynamics makes use of these ideas rather than taking a purely macroscopic approach. One reason for looking at it is
that Dan Schroeder (see below) credits it as one of his inspirations.

For some reason, there was a dearth of new books on thermal physics in the 1980's and 1990's. Perhaps we all assumed that the last word had been written. For many years, I used Zemansky for the first semester and Kittel and Kroemer for the second. Then there was a flurry of new books. Three appeared in 1999, and 2000, and more are rumored. One characteristic of the new books is that they are tailored to a one semester course on thermal physics, but all the authors try to do justice to both sets of ideas.

__Schroeder__ "Thermal Physics". Written in a very chatty style, that I wish I had thought of. There is an immense number of
problems, embedded in the text rather than left to the chapter ends. The way to use this book seems clearly to work a lot of
problems as you go. Schroeder says that there is too much material for one semester, but that it is still primarily intended for
a one semester course. The presentation starts with microscopic ideas, and freely mixes up microscopic and macroscopic
concepts all the way through

__Baierlein__ "Thermal Physics" (there seem to be more new books than new titles). This has much in common with Schroeder.
It uses microscopic ideas to motivate and justify the second law. But its treatment both of thermodynamics and statistical
mechanics is more formal that Schroeder's. (e.g. there is a chapter called "The Canonical Probability Distribution".
Schroeder buries the word "canonical" in a footnote.) However, the treatment of Classical Thermodynamics does not
follow the traditional approach through heat engines, and the treatment of the probability distributions follows Kittel and
Kroemer's methods rather than, for example, Reif's or Crawford's.

__Carter__ "Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics". This is by far the most traditional of the new books. It follows the
pattern of Crawford and of Morse, developing Classical Thermodynamics using a macroscopic approach, and then Statistical
Mechanics using the traditional Lagrange multiplier techniques. However, Carter says that you can cover all of this in one
semester.

Two classic books dealing respectively with Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics are

__Lewis and Randall__ "Thermodynamics". Lewis is a giant of chemistry. The first edition of this was published in 1923 and I
read it for the pleasure I get from the language. The second edition, not by the original authors, was in 1961, and it is still
good, but I would prefer the original.

__Mayer and Mayer__ "Statistical Mechanics". The Mayers developed the theory of an imperfect gas, and why not read it in the
original? Incidentally, the book is dedicated to "our teachers, Gilbert N. Lewis (see above) and Max Born". Max Born is
best known as the grandfather of Olivia Newton-John, and he also won a Nobel prize for the development of quantum
mechanics. I heard him lecture in 1963.